For those who might have missed this – excellent analysis of Community Energy initiatives in Europe, but relevant for SA as well.
‘This TUED Working Paper explores the current crisis of local, community, and cooperative energy. Our focus is Europe where these types of initiatives have made the most progress but now find
themselves facing an uncertain future. In this paper we will explain what happened, and why.
The goals of this paper are twofold. The first goal is to draw a clear line of demarcation between the bold claims being made in the name of local and community energy, “energy citizenship,” and similar concepts on the one hand, and the current reality on the other—a reality that largely confines local energy initiatives to the margins of energy systems. In the case of Europe, the distance between the claims and the reality is vast, and it is widening’.
“It is difficult to imagine how a 1.5°C world would be attained unless the SDG on cities and sustainable urbanisation is attained in developing countries.” (IPCC, 2018 Ch4)
WWF South Africa