The RFI has been issued by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and Meridian Economics on behalf of German development bank KfW, which has set aside up to €200-million in concessional financing on behalf of the German government for the initiative.
Information is being sought on project opportunities covering the production, consumption, transport or storage of green hydrogen and derivatives, with preference given to projects that are at least in the prefeasibility stage owing to tight funding disbursement timelines.
KfW has set an indicative target date of end-2023 for the disbursement of funds, which will be channelled through a South African public institution.
New projects, as well as projects in existing value chains that support the transition of fossil-based processes to green hydrogen will be considered, along with offerings from financial institutions on financial instruments or funded subsidy mechanisms that could stimulate the competitiveness of green hydrogen.
Consideration will be given, however, to projects that support the transition from ‘grey hydrogen’, produced using fossil fuels, where a three- to five-year transition pathway towards green hydrogen can be demonstrated.
The programme is in line with the German government’s National Hydrogen Strategy, adopted in 2020.
The strategy envisages the energy carrier playing a key role in the decarbonisation of those sectors that are difficult to abate using renewable electricity directly, such as marine transport, long-distance land freight, cement, chemicals, fertiliser and steel.
It also acknowledges that Germany will need to import much of its green-hydrogen demand from countries such as South Africa, Morocco, Namibia and elsewhere, that have more favourable wind, solar and land resources to produce the low-cost renewable energy required to produce green hydrogen competitively.
Although South Africa is a water-stressed country, the initial analysis indicates that this constraint can be overcome by coupling electrolysers with desalination facilities to treat seawater or acid-mine drainage.